Aid / Disasters

Natural resistance to malaria linked to variation in human red blood cell receptors

Researchers have discovered that protection from the most severe form of malaria is linked with natural variation in human red blood cell genes. A study from the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics and their collaborators has identified a genetic rearrangement of red blood cell glycophorin receptors that confers a […]

Aid / Disasters

A public health framework for marijuana sales and use in jurisdictions considering legalization

Jurisdictions considering legalization of non-medical marijuana should implement a public health framework that prioritizes public health over business interests, according to Rachel Barry and Stanton Glantz of the University of California San Francisco, United States, in a Policy Forum article published in PLOS Medicine. According to the authors, the history of major multinational corporations using […]

Aid / Disasters Alzheimer's / Dementia

PTSD and cognitive decline linked in 9/11 responders

A study, published in Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, investigates the long-term effects of trauma on the cognitive performance of responders to the World Trade Center on 9/11. The impact of PTSD on cognitive ability is only now being charted. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a condition that can arise in individuals […]

Aid / Disasters

Chernobyl, three decades on

It was 30 years ago that a meltdown at the V. I. Lenin Nuclear Power Station in the former Soviet Union released radioactive contaminants into the surroundings in northern Ukraine. Airborne contamination from what is now generally termed the Chernobyl disaster spread well beyond the immediate environs of the power plant, and a roughly 1000-square-mile […]

Aid / Disasters Depression

People in Miyagi coastal areas continue to show higher levels of depressive tendencies

Tohoku University Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization (ToMMo) has revealed that in 2014, three years after the Great East Japan Earthquake and tsunami, depressive symptoms continue to be higher in the coastal areas than in the inland areas of Miyagi Prefecture. Since 2011, about a quarter of the residents on the Pacific coast of Miyagi Prefecture […]

Aid / Disasters

New findings in humans provide encouraging foundation for upcoming AIDS vaccine clinical trial

Some people infected with HIV naturally produce antibodies that effectively neutralize many strains of the rapidly mutating virus, and scientists are working to develop a vaccine capable of inducing such “broadly neutralizing” antibodies that can prevent HIV infection. An emerging vaccine strategy involves immunizing people with a series of different engineered HIV proteins as immunogens […]

Aid / Disasters

Continuous leaking of radioactive strontium and cesium from Fukushima to the ocean

Scientists from the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB) investigated the levels of radioactive strontium and cesium in the coast off Japan in September 2013. Radioactive levels in seawater were 10 to 100 times higher than before the nuclear accident, particularly near the facility, suggesting that water containing strontium and cesium isotopes was still leaking into […]