Pulmonary System

Nebulizers: What they are and how to use them

A nebulizer is a piece of medical equipment that a person with asthma or another respiratory condition can use to administer medication directly and quickly to the lungs. A nebulizer turns liquid medicine into a very fine mist that a person can inhale through a face mask or mouthpiece. Taking medicine this way allows it […]

Pulmonary System

What to know about tachypnea

Tachypnea is a medical term that refers to fast, shallow breathing. A lack of oxygen or too much carbon dioxide in the body is a common cause. It can also result from other health issues. Tachypnea is not a disease, but a symptom that the body is trying to correct another problem. Newborns with developing […]

Pulmonary System

What to know about respiratory alkalosis

Breathing too fast can cause a person to go into respiratory alkalosis. This occurs when a person’s pH level is higher than 7.45. A person may breathe too fast due to anxiety, overdosing on certain medications, or using a ventilator. Symptoms of respiratory alkalosis may include muscle spasms, irritability, dizziness, and nausea. Respiratory alkalosis is […]

Pulmonary System

What are the stages of asthma?

Doctors classify asthma into four main stages. How do the symptoms and treatments for each stage differ? Asthma is a common, long-term condition that affects a person’s airways. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimate that 8.1 percent of adults and 8.4 percent of children in the United States have asthma. This article […]

Pulmonary System

How does smoking affect people with asthma?

People with asthma may wonder how smoking conventional cigarettes or using electronic cigarettes can affect the condition. Cigarette smoke can trigger asthma symptoms. Despite this, in the United States, 21 percent of people who have asthma currently smoke, compared with 16.8 percent of people who do not have asthma. This article discusses how smoke, secondhand […]

Pulmonary System

HIV and a dry cough: What to know

HIV can cause a dry cough and other symptoms that affect the lungs and respiratory system. A dry cough may occur because HIV reduces the body’s ability to fight off infection and other diseases. However, respiratory problems can have many causes that are not necessarily linked to HIV. A person with persistent or severe respiratory […]

COPD Pulmonary System

Lung disease may increase dementia risk

Dementia refers to a series of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, where a person’s memory and other cognitive abilities decline. A recent study may have found a new risk factor that might predispose people to dementia: lung disease. To limit the risk of dementia, people may also want to look after the health of their […]

COPD Pulmonary System

What exercises can help increase lung capacity?

The lungs are responsible for the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide that keep the brain, heart, and other parts of the body healthy. Age, smoking, inhaling pollutants, and other factors can affect lung function. People cannot necessarily change their lung capacity in terms of how much oxygen their lungs can hold. However, they can […]

Pulmonary System

Magnesium sulfate for asthma treatment

Asthma is a long-term lung disease with no cure, but a range of treatments exists. If very severe symptoms do not respond to other medications, a doctor may administer magnesium sulfate. Asthma is a common condition. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States, asthma affects around 20.4 million […]